Relying solely on pesticides for pest control has led to several problems, including:
- Pest resistance to pesticides;
- Increased costs;
- Toxicity to fish, wildlife, beneficial natural enemies of pests, and other non-target organisms;
- Concerns about human health and safety;
- Ground water contamination; and
- Overall environmental quality.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is designed to eliminate or reduce these problems, It is a strategy for managing pests that emphasizes the most economically- and environmentally-sound methods that meet control goals. IPM is a systematic, information-intensive approach. It focuses on tactics that will prevent or avoid anticipated pest problems rather than treat problems once they occur. IPM combines common sense and sound solutions to control pests while lowering the environmental impact of pesticides. There are 3 major components:
Treatment choices range from removing food and water sources and putting up barriers to keep pests to use of pesticides when necessary. The emphasis is to maximize the benefits and advantages that pesticides offer while minimizing any potential risks.
Integrated Pest Management
- Texas IPM Program
- Texas A&M program with extensive information about IPM and a comprehensive list of links to governmenatal and private IPM sites.
- Veggie IPM
- Integrated pest management for the home vegetable garden.
- Provides educational information on Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for commercial nursery/floral crop producers. Jointly sponsored by the Texas A&M University System and Texas Association of Nurserymen, and the Texas Pest Management Association.
- Nonchemical Disease Control
- Fact sheet from Colorado State University covering nonchemical methods of controlling disease without pesticides.
- Botanical Insecticides
- Information from North Carolina State University about botanical insecticides, with a listing of the most common ones and the pests they are effective against.
- Beneficials in the Garden and Landscape
- Information page provided by the Galveston County Master Gardener Association. Discussion of beneficials and photo gallery for help in identifying beneficials. Tips for attracting beneficials.
- The Home Tour
- Interactive information about preventing and controlling pests at home from the non-profit group What Is IPM (www.whatisipm.org)
- A Field Guide to Common Texas Insects
- Detailed field guide (listed by scientific name) with photographs.
- Text Index for Common Insects of Texas
- Listing of over 350 common Texas insects (listed by common name) with links to photographs.
- Texas A & M Department of Entomology
- Link to Entemology Department Home Page, where you can access the Bug Bytes podcast, read feature stories, learn about ongoing research and more.
- Texas Imported Fire Ant Research and Management Project
- More information than you knew existed about fire ants and how to control them.
- The Butterfly Site
- Information provided by the Butterfly and Nature Gift Store, Inc. Commercial site, but with much free information about butterflies.